Toggle navigation Topics by WorldWideScience.org Home About News Advanced Search Contact Us Site Map Help Sample records for sd modulators employing « 1 2 3 4 5 » 1. Repetitive methylphenidate administration modulates the diurnal behavioral activity pattern of adult female SD rats. Science.gov (United States) Lee, Min J; Yang, Pamela B; Wilcox, Victor T; Burau, Keith D; Swann, Alan C; Dafny, Nachum 2011-02-01 Diurnal rhythms influence many of the physiological processes that act to maintain homeostasis of the body in response to different environmental changes. Thus, disturbances in diurnal rhythms can lead to various physiological complications. Repeated exposure to psychostimulants may cause long-term effects by disturbing diurnal rhythms. The aim of the present study is to use the open field assay to determine whether repeated exposure to the psychostimulant methylphenidate (MPD) changes diurnal locomotor activity patterns of female adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. As much as 31 female adult SD rats were divided into four groups. On experimental day (ED) 1, all groups were given an injection of saline. On ED 2-7, animals were injected once a day with either saline, or 0.6 mg/kg MPD, or 2.5 mg/kg MPD, or 10 mg/kg MPD depending on the group. On ED 8-10, no injections were given (washout period). On ED 11, animals were treated as they were on ED 2-7. Locomotor movements were recorded using a computerized animal activity monitoring system. The horizontal activity (HA), total distance traveled (TDT), and number of stereotypies (NOS) were analyzed by cosine curve statistical analysis (CCSA) test. The HA and TDT diurnal rhythm activity patterns of ED 2, 7, 8, and 11 were significantly different (p < 0.05) from the control recording of ED 1 according to the CCSA test. The observation obtained in this study suggests that repeated administration of MPD (all doses tested) is able to change diurnal locomotor patterns, which indicates that chronic MPD treatment exerts long-term effects. 2. Pre-Employment and Employment Skills Modules. Adult Literacy Project. Science.gov (United States) Howell, Shirley These 10 modules provide job search training for adults and youths. The activities can be modified for nonreaders, those with limited academic skills, unemployed professionals, persons with limited work experience, potential dropouts and other unemployed youth, older job seekers, and persons with mental handicaps. Introductory materials areâ€¦ 3. Repetitive ritalin treatment modulates the diurnal activity pattern of young SD male rats. Science.gov (United States) Algahim, Mohame Fodhl; Yang, Pamela Boi; Burau, Keith Dean; Swann, Allan Craig; Dafny, Nachum 2010-09-01 Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common behavioral disorder of children and is treated by psychostimulants. Psychostimulant exposure to children at the time of neuronal development can cause behavioral and physiological changes continuing during adulthood. Most of the studies on psychostimulants investigate the acute effects of the drug. The objective of this study was to investigate whether acute or chronic exposure to methylphenidate (MPD), the drug most often used to treat ADHD in children, will modulate the diurnal activity pattern of young rats. Maintaining the diurnal activity pattern is a physiological process that regulates the internal homeostasis. Dose response protocol was used to study the effect of acute and chronic MPD in four young post natal day 40 (P 40) rat groups, (each N=8), as follows: saline (control) group, and 0.6, 2.5, or 10.0 mg/kg i.p. MPD groups, respectively. The experiment was performed over 11 consecutive days of continuous locomotor activity recording using the open field assay. The data evaluation was divided into four phases as follows: acute, induction, washout and expression phases. There was a dose-dependent increase in the average locomotor activity in the first few hours postinjection. Analysis of the diurnal rhythmic pattern of locomotion in the three dose groups compared to control demonstrated that only the 10.0 mg/kg MPD elicited significant changes in diurnal pattern activity in the washout and the expression phase. In addition, this study indicated that chronic MPD treatment elicits dose dependent anticipation and/or withdrawal and behavioral sensitization. 4. Building Professionalism and Employability Skills: Embedding Employer Engagement within First-Year Computing Modules Science.gov (United States) Hanna, Philip; Allen, Angela; Kane, Russell; Anderson, Neil; McGowan, Aidan; Collins, Matthew; Hutchison, Malcolm 2015-01-01 This paper outlines a means of improving the employability skills of first-year university students through a closely integrated model of employer engagement within computer science modules. The outlined approach illustrates how employability skills, including communication, teamwork and time management skills, can be contextualised in a mannerâ€¦ 5. Tourism Employment Module (TEM: Case of the Czech Republic Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) ZdenÄ›k Lejsek 2011-09-01 Full Text Available Tourism Employment Module (TEM provides information on the significance and contribution of tourism for the national economy in terms of employment. It refers to a system of tables describing the main economic characteristics of tourism (i.e. number of jobs and people employed in tourism by industry, seasonality, working scheme,permanency of job, sex, age groups, level of education or nationality and classifying thereby tourism as one of branches in the system of national accounts. The article describes basic methodological concept and structure of this tool (and approaches to measuring employment in the tourist industry in general, exploited data sources and provides a brief information on the type and form of publishing of the results as well as the data on principalmacroeconomic indicators of tourism-related industries in the Czech Republic in 2003â€“2009. 6. Microinverters for employment in connection with photovoltaic modules Science.gov (United States) Lentine, Anthony L.; Nielson, Gregory N.; Okandan, Murat; Johnson, Brian Benjamin; Krein, Philip T. 2015-09-22 Microinverters useable in association with photovoltaic modules are described. A three phase-microinverter receives direct current output generated by a microsystems-enabled photovoltaic cell and converts such direct current output into three-phase alternating current out. The three-phase microinverter is interleaved with other three-phase-microinverters, wherein such microinverters are integrated in a photovoltaic module with the microsystems-enabled photovoltaic cell. 7. Combined Coding And Modulation Employing Multi Phase Shift ... African Journals Online (AJOL) In this paper a technique for combining Huffman code, array code and phase modulation is proposed with a view to reduce redundancy, provide error control and simultaneously optimise on channel bandwidth. The combined scheme provides a reduction in overall complexity of the communication system as compared to aÂ ... 8. Simultaneous optical carrier and radio frequency re-modulation in radio-over-fiber systems employing reflective SOA modulators DEFF Research Database (Denmark) Kassar, Carvalho; Calabretta, Nicola; Tafur Monroy, Idelfonso 2007-01-01 We demonstrate an innovative full-duplex radio-over-fibre transmission system employing a reflective SOA to perform simultaneous reusing of the optical carrier and data remodulation, thus avoiding the use of local radiofrequency oscillator at the station sites.......We demonstrate an innovative full-duplex radio-over-fibre transmission system employing a reflective SOA to perform simultaneous reusing of the optical carrier and data re-modulation, thus avoiding the use of local radiofrequency oscillator at the station sites.... 9. Energy-efficient WDM-OFDM-PON employing shared OFDM modulation modules in optical line terminal. Science.gov (United States) Hu, Xiaofeng; Zhang, Liang; Cao, Pan; Wang, Kongtao; Su, Yikai 2012-03-26 We propose and experimentally demonstrate a scheme to improve the energy efficiency of wavelength division multiplexing - orthogonal frequency division multiplexing - passive optical networks (WDM-OFDM-PONs). By using an N Ã— M opto-mechanic switch in optical line terminal (OLT), an OFDM modulation module is shared by several channels to deliver data to multiple users with low traffic demands during non-peak hours of the day, thus greatly reducing the number of operating devices and minimizing the energy consumption of the OLT. An experiment utilizing one OFDM modulation module to serve three optical network units (ONUs) in a WDM-OFDM-PON is performed to verify the feasibility of our proposal. Theoretical analysis and numerical calculation show that the proposed scheme can achieve a saving of 23.6% in the energy consumption of the OFDM modulation modules compared to conventional WDM-OFDM-PON. 10. An analog modulation and demodulation method employing LVDT signal conditioner for fiber-optic interferometric sensors Science.gov (United States) Zhou, Kejiang; Rao, Qi; Zhang, Minjie; Hu, Keke; Ruan, Yefeng 2017-09-01 An analog method to modulate and demodulate fiber-optic interferometric sensors employing a linear variable differential transformer signal conditioner to generate sine modulation wave and demodulate phase-modulated signal from the photodetectorâ€™s output is presented in this letter. No external lock-in amplifiers or digital components are used in this design. All the necessary components for signal processing are integrated in a single analog electronic microchip AD698, which reduces the systemâ€™s complexity significantly. After implementation on an interferometric fiber-optic gyroscope as an example, this method demonstrates a bias stability of 0.063 deg h-1 (i.e. 0.220 Âµrad). 11. Highly efficient graphene-on-gap modulator by employing the hybrid plasmonic effect. Science.gov (United States) Peng, Xiliang; Hao, Ran; Ye, Ziwei; Qin, Pengfei; Chen, Wenchao; Chen, Hongsheng; Jin, Xiaofeng; Yang, Dongxiao; Li, Erping 2017-05-01 We propose a highly efficient graphene-on-gap modulator (GOGM) by employing the hybrid plasmonic effect, whose modulation efficiency (up to 1.23Â dB/Î¼m after optimization) is âˆ¼12-fold larger than that of the present graphene-on-silicon modulator (âˆ¼0.1â€‰â€‰dB/Î¼m). The proposed modulator has the advantage of a short modulation length of âˆ¼3.6â€‰â€‰Î¼m, a relatively low insertion loss of âˆ¼0.32â€‰â€‰dB, and a larger modulation bandwidth of âˆ¼0.48â€‰â€‰THz. The physical insight is investigated, showing that both the slow light effect and the overlap between graphene and the mode field contribute. Moreover, an efficient taper coupler has been designed to convert the quasi-transverse electric mode of conventional silicon waveguide to the hybrid plasmonic mode of GOGM, with a high coupling efficiency of 91%. This Letter may promote the design of high-performance on-chip electro-optical modulators. 12. Some novel power-conversion schemes employing pulse-width modulated high-frequency links Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB) Manias, S. 1984-01-01 Static power conversion schemes employing Pulse-Width Modulated high-frequency (HF) links, are investigated. The employment of HF links in power conversion schemes results in substantial size, weight, and cost reduction of the power converter isolation transfer and reactive components. Therefore, in applications where density is of prime importance the employment of HF links is the natural choice. The following power conversion schemes employing an HF link are investigated: (1) a voltage source DC to AC inverter consisting of an HF link and a DC to AC inverter stage: its main advantage over conventional inverter configurations is the drastic size and weight reduction of the magnetic components; (2) a three-phase Current Source DC to AC inverter consisting of an HF link and a DC to AC inverter stage: the current source is created by the HF link stage which together with a high frequency transformer provides isolation between the source and the load; (3) an AC to DC converter consisting of an HF link stage: the proposed power conversion scheme employs an AC to AC cyclo-converter as an HF link which together with a high frequency isolation transfer provides isolation between the source and the load; and (4) a bilateral HF link power converter: the proposed power conversion scheme incorporates a battery charger into an inverter by using the existing power circuit components. 13. Effective refractive index modulation based optical fiber humidity sensor employing etched fiber Bragg grating Science.gov (United States) Mundendhar, Pathi; Khijwania, Sunil K. 2015-09-01 Relative humidity (RH) sensor employing etched fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is reported where RH variations are captured using effective-index-modulation, rather than traditional strain-modulation. Additionly, linear sensor response over wide dynamic range with optimum characteristics is focused. Comprehensive experimental investigation is carried out for the sensor that comprises uniformly etched cladding in the FBG region. Obtained results are observed to be in agreement with the theoretical analysis. Sensor response is observed to be linear over dynamic range 3-94%RH with ~ 0.082 pm/%RH sensitivity, ~0.6%RH resolution, ~ +/-2.5%RH accuracy, ~ +/-0.2 pm average discrepancy and ~ 0.2s response time during humidification/desiccation. 14. Digital coherent receiver employing photonic downconversion for phase modulated radio-over-fibre links DEFF Research Database (Denmark) Zibar, Darko; Caballero Jambrina, Antonio; Guerrero Gonzalez, Neil 2009-01-01 A digital coherent receiver employing photonic downconversion is presented and experimentally demonstrated for phase-modulated radio-over-fibre optical links. The receiver is capable of operating at frequencies exceeding the bandwidth of electrical analog-to-digital converter by using photonic...... downconversion to translate the high-frequency input RF signal to the operating frequency range of the analog-to-digital converter. First, using linear digital demodulation scheme we measure SFDR of the link at microwave frequency of 5 GHz. Thereafter, successful signal demodulation of 50 Mbit/s binary phase...... shift keying (BPSK) modulated data signal at 5 GHz RF carrier frequency is experimentally demonstrated by using an analog-to-digital converter with only 1 GHz bandwidth. We successfully demonstrate signal demodulation, using the proposed digital coherent receiver with photonic downconversion, after 40... 15. Simulation Performance of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Systems Employing Single-Carrier Modulation and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing National Research Council Canada - National Science Library Saglam, Halil D 2004-01-01 ...) systems utilizing Alamouti-based space-time block coding (STBC) technique. The MIMO communication systems using STBC technique employing both single-carrier modulation and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM... 16. Module 3: Workplace Policy, Practice and Culture--Employer and Employee Perspectives. Work-Family Curriculum Guide Science.gov (United States) Kossek, Ellen Ernst; Leana, Carrie; MacDermid, Shelley; Pitt-Catsouphes, Marcie; Raskin, Patricia; Secret, Mary; Sweet, Stephen 2006-01-01 The contents of this module have been prepared to address some of challenges associated with teaching about work-family issues from a human resource management and employment perspective. The goals of this module are: (1) To develop an understanding that work-family policies are part of a human resource management system and the employmentâ€¦ 17. Characterization of ultrashort laser pulses employing self-phase modulation dispersion-scan technique Science.gov (United States) Sharba, A. B.; Chekhlov, O.; Wyatt, A. S.; Pattathil, R.; Borghesi, M.; Sarri, G. 2018-03-01 We present a new phase characterization technique for ultrashort laser pulses that employs self-phase modulation (SPM) in the dispersion scan approach. The method can be implemented by recording a set of nonlinearly modulated spectra generated with a set of known chirp values. The unknown phase of the pulse is retrieved by linking the recorded spectra to the initial spectrum of the pulse via a phase function guessed by a function minimization iterative algorithm. This technique has many advantages over the dispersion scan techniques that use frequency conversion processes. Mainly, the use of SPM cancels out the phase and group velocity mismatch errors and dramatically widens the spectral acceptance of the nonlinear medium and the range of working wavelength. The robustness of the technique is demonstrated with smooth and complex phase retrievals using numerical examples. The method is shown to be not affected by the spatial distribution of the beam or the presence of nonlinear absorption process. In addition, we present an efficient method for phase representation based on a summation of a set of Gaussian functions. The independence of the functions from each other prevents phase coupling of any kind and facilitates a flexible phase representation. 18. Sigmund Freud's Personality Theory: Learning Module Employing Computer-Assisted Instruction Technology. Science.gov (United States) Saavedra, Jose M. This interactive module contains 33 windows of text and three graphics, in which Freud's topographical (unconscious, pre-conscious, and conscious) and structural (id, ego, and superego) models of the psyche are studied. Seventeen fill-in questions are interspersed within the text. The module stresses the importance of comprehending the concept ofâ€¦ 19. Recovery of Large Angular Scale CMB Polarization for Instruments Employing Variable-Delay Polarization Modulators Science.gov (United States) Miller, N. J.; Chuss, D. T.; Marriage, T. A.; Wollack, E. J.; Appel, J. W.; Bennett, C. L.; Eimer, J.; Essinger-Hileman, T.; Fixsen, D. J.; Harrington, K.; 2016-01-01 Variable-delay Polarization Modulators (VPMs) are currently being implemented in experiments designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background on large angular scales because of their capability for providing rapid, front-end polarization modulation and control over systematic errors. Despite the advantages provided by the VPM, it is important to identify and mitigate any time-varying effects that leak into the synchronously modulated component of the signal. In this paper, the effect of emission from a 300 K VPM on the system performance is considered and addressed. Though instrument design can greatly reduce the influence of modulated VPM emission, some residual modulated signal is expected. VPM emission is treated in the presence of rotational misalignments and temperature variation. Simulations of time-ordered data are used to evaluate the effect of these residual errors on the power spectrum. The analysis and modeling in this paper guides experimentalists on the critical aspects of observations using VPMs as front-end modulators. By implementing the characterizations and controls as described, front-end VPM modulation can be very powerful for mitigating 1/ f noise in large angular scale polarimetric surveys. None of the systematic errors studied fundamentally limit the detection and characterization of B-modes on large scales for a tensor-to-scalar ratio of r= 0.01. Indeed, r less than 0.01 is achievable with commensurately improved characterizations and controls. 20. RECOVERY OF LARGE ANGULAR SCALE CMB POLARIZATION FOR INSTRUMENTS EMPLOYING VARIABLE-DELAY POLARIZATION MODULATORS Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB) Miller, N. J.; Marriage, T. A.; Appel, J. W.; Bennett, C. L.; Eimer, J.; Essinger-Hileman, T.; Harrington, K.; Rostem, K.; Watts, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, 3400 N. Charles St., Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Chuss, D. T. [Department of Physics, Villanova University, 800 E Lancaster, Villanova, PA 19085 (United States); Wollack, E. J.; Fixsen, D. J.; Moseley, S. H.; Switzer, E. R., E-mail: [email protected] [Observational Cosmology Laboratory, Code 665, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States) 2016-02-20 Variable-delay Polarization Modulators (VPMs) are currently being implemented in experiments designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background on large angular scales because of their capability for providing rapid, front-end polarization modulation and control over systematic errors. Despite the advantages provided by the VPM, it is important to identify and mitigate any time-varying effects that leak into the synchronously modulated component of the signal. In this paper, the effect of emission from a 300 K VPM on the system performance is considered and addressed. Though instrument design can greatly reduce the influence of modulated VPM emission, some residual modulated signal is expected. VPM emission is treated in the presence of rotational misalignments and temperature variation. Simulations of time-ordered data are used to evaluate the effect of these residual errors on the power spectrum. The analysis and modeling in this paper guides experimentalists on the critical aspects of observations using VPMs as front-end modulators. By implementing the characterizations and controls as described, front-end VPM modulation can be very powerful for mitigating 1/f noise in large angular scale polarimetric surveys. None of the systematic errors studied fundamentally limit the detection and characterization of B-modes on large scales for a tensor-to-scalar ratio of rÂ =Â 0.01. Indeed, rÂ <Â 0.01 is achievable with commensurately improved characterizations and controls.
Science.gov (United States) Lee, Grant; Cochran, Larry 1997-01-01 Explored how persons become self-employed. In critical incident interviews with five self-employed persons the critical events that assisted or hindered progress toward selfemployment were listed in chronological order. In general, becoming self-employed involved establishing conditions of action that enhanced a sense of agency, thus enablingâ€¦ 103. Performance of a 60-GHz DCM-OFDM and BPSK-Impulse Ultra-Wideband System with Radio-Over-Fiber and Wireless Transmission Employing a Directly-Modulated VCSEL DEFF Research Database (Denmark) BeltrÃ¡n, Marta; Jensen, Jesper Bevensee; Yu, Xianbin 2011-01-01 The performance of radio-over-fiber optical transmission employing vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs), and further wireless transmission, of the two major ultrawideband (UWB) implementations is reported when operating in the 60-GHz radio band. Performance is evaluated at 1.44 Gbit... 104. Detection of Additional Be+sdO Systems from IUEÂ Spectroscopy Science.gov (United States) Wang, Luqian; Gies, Douglas R.; Peters, Geraldine J. 2018-02-01 There is growing evidence that some Be stars were spun up through mass transfer in a close binary system, leaving the former mass donor star as a hot, stripped-down object. There are five known cases of Be stars with hot subdwarf (sdO) companions that were discovered through International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE) spectroscopy. Here we expand the search for Be+sdO candidates using archival FUV spectra from IUE. We collected IUE spectra for 264 stars and formed cross-correlation functions with a model spectrum for a hot subdwarf. Twelve new candidate Be+sdO systems were found, and eight of these display radial velocity variations associated with orbital motion. The new plus known Be+sdO systems have Be stars with spectral subtypes of B0â€“B3, and the lack of later-type systems is surprising given the large number of cooler B-stars in our sample. We discuss explanations for the observed number and spectral type distribution of the Be+sdO systems, and we argue that there are probably many Be systems with stripped companions that are too faint for detection through our analysis. 105. Spectroscopic twin to the hypervelocity sdO star US 708 and three fast sdB stars from the Hyper-MUCHFUSS project Science.gov (United States) Ziegerer, E.; Heber, U.; Geier, S.; Irrgang, A.; Kupfer, T.; FÃ¼rst, F.; Schaffenroth, J. 2017-05-01 Important tracers for the dark matter halo of the Galaxy are hypervelocity stars (HVSs), which are faster than the local escape velocity of the Galaxy and their slower counterparts, the high-velocity stars in the Galactic halo. Such HVSs are believed to be ejected from the Galactic centre (GC) through tidal disruption of a binary by the super-massive black hole (Hills mechanism). The Hyper-MUCHFUSS survey aims at finding high-velocity potentially unbound hot subdwarf stars. We present the spectroscopic and kinematical analyses of a He-sdO as well as three candidates among the sdB stars using optical Keck/ESI and VLT (X-shooter, FORS) spectroscopy. Proper motions are determined by combining positions from early-epoch photographic plates with those derived from modern digital sky surveys. The Galactic rest frame velocities range from 203 km s-1 to 660 km s-1, indicating that most likely all four stars are gravitationally bound to the Galaxy. With Teff = 47 000 K and a surface gravity of log g = 5.7, SDSS J205030.39-061957.8 (J2050) is a spectroscopic twin of the hypervelocity He-sdO US 708. As for the latter, the GC is excluded as a place of origin based on the kinematic analysis. Hence, the Hills mechanism can be excluded for J2050. The ejection velocity is much more moderate (385 Â± 79 km s-1) than that of US 708 (998 Â± 68 km s-1). The binary thermonuclear supernova scenario suggested for US 708 would explain the observed properties of J2050 very well without pushing the model parameters to their extreme limits, as required for US 708. Accordingly, the star would be the surviving donor of a type Ia supernova. Three sdB stars also showed extreme kinematics; one could be a HVS ejected from the GC, whereas the other two could be ejected from the Galactic disk through the binary supernova mechanism. Alternatively, they might be extreme halo stars. 106. 47 CFR 74.663 - Modulation limits. Science.gov (United States) 2010-10-01 ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Modulation limits. 74.663 Section 74.663 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES EXPERIMENTAL RADIO... Stations Â§ 74.663 Modulation limits. If amplitude modulation is employed, negative modulation peaks shall... 107. TEKNIK DAN STRATEGI TINDAK KESANTUNAN DIREKTIF DI KALANGAN ANDIK SD BERLATAR BELAKANG BUDAYA JAWA Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Harun Joko Prayitno 2011-12-01 Full Text Available Studi ini bertujuan untuk merumuskan taksonomi tindak kesantunan direktif dikalangan andik SD yang berlatar belakang budaya Jawa. Tujuan spesifik studi iniadalah untuk merumuskan taksonomi dan pola semestaan realisasi tindakkesantunan direktif andik SD dalam hubungannya dengan prinsip dasar berbahasaÂ PKS dan PSS; prinsip harmoni sosial PI dan PK. Objek penelitian ini adalah skalaÂ kelangsungan dan peringkat tindak kesantunandirektif dalam kaitannya PKS, PSS,Â prinsip harmoni sosial PI, PK, dn prinsip kultural budaya Jawa. Sumber dataÂ penelitian meliputi keseluruhan aktivitas berbahasa andik SD yang direfleksikanÂ oleh guru kelas SD melalui FGD, baik dalam suasana formal maupun nonformal.Â Data penelitian berupa skala kelangsungan dan peringkat kesantunan pertuturanÂ menurut PKS, PSS, PI, PK, dan Pk. Interpretasi perwujudan tindak kesantunanÂ direktif dilakukan dengan kerja analisis pragmatik yang mengacu pada analisisÂ heuristik model Grice, skala kelangsungan dan peringkat kesantunan model BrownLevinson. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa (1 perwujudan tindak kesantunanÂ direktif (TKD di kalangan andik SD berlatar belakang budaya JawaÂ berkecenderungan diwujudkan melaui tipe menyuruh pada kategori memerintahÂ dan tipe meminta pada kategori memohon. Temuan ini menggambarkah bahwaÂ sesuai dengan kodratnya sebagai anak pada dasarnya masih memerlukan suriÂ tauladan dari orang tuanya di rumah, gurunya di sekolah, dan panutannya sebagaiÂ yang difigurkan atau ditokohkan di lingkungan masyarakatnya masing-masing.Â (2 realisasi TKD di kalangan andik SD berlatar belakang budaya JawaÂ berkecenderungan dinyatakan dengan cara-cara tak langsung dan modusmodusÂ nonliteral daripada dengan cara-cara langsung atau modus literal. Realisasi iniÂ menggambarkan bahwa andik SD pada hakikatnya masih dalam masaÂ perkembangan mental lingual sehingga masih memerlukan bimbingan yang bernilaiÂ positif, santun, dan berkarakter dari orang tua, guru, dan lingkungan 108. PENYELENGGARAAN PROGRAN SD-SMP SATU ATAP DALAM LATAR BUDAYA RUMAH BETANG KALIMANTAN TENGAH Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Rudi Hasan 2014-06-01 Abstrak: Penyelenggaraan Progran SD-SMP Satu Atap dalam Latar Budaya Rumah Betang KaliÂmantan Tengah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penyelengaaraan program SD-SMP Satu Atap dalam latar budaya rumah Betang Kalimantan Tengah yang dikaitkan dengan struktur birokrasi, sumber daya, dan komunikasi. Penelitian kualitatif dilaksanakan di tiga lokasi, yaitu pada SMPN Satu Atap 1 Mihing Raya, SMPN Satu Atap 2 Kurun, dan SMPN Satu Atap 3 Tewah di Kabupaten Gunung Mas, Propinsi Kalimantan Tengah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa acuan standar yang jelas, koordinasi yang intensif, dan pemberdayaan sumber daya manusia yang tepat sesuai dengan pendekatan nilai-nilai budaya rumah Betang dapat mencapai penyelenggaraan program SD-SMP Satu Atap yang efektif. Hal itu juga didukung oleh pengelolaan sumberdaya dan komunikasi yang mendasarkan diri pada nilai kekeluargaan, kebersamaan, loyalitas, dan keakraban. 109. Nuclear structure of s-d shell nuclei: what is new? International Nuclear Information System (INIS) Shanmugam, G. 1995-01-01 In this paper the shape evolution of the even-even s-d shell nuclei with temperature and spin is studied using Landau theory of phase transitions. The most important thermal fluctuations are incorporated in this study. The ground state pairing is also included in the calculations. Both the summation and Strutinsky methods are used for extracting the Landau constants. Both yield qualitatively similar results. To conclude, Landau theory of phase transitions can be effectively and economically used to study the structure of excited s-d shell nuclei. 10 refs., 2 tabs., 8 figs 110. Learning from CDM SD tool experience for Article 6.4 in the Paris Agreement DEFF Research Database (Denmark) Olsen, Karen Holm; Arens, Christof; Mersmann, Florian 2017-01-01 The Paris Agreement (PA) emphasizes the intrinsic relationship between climate change and sustainable development (SD) and welcomes the 2030 agenda for the global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Yet, there is a lack of assessment approaches to ensure that climate and development goals...... are achieved in an integrated fashion and trade-offs avoided. Article 6.4 of the PA introduces a new Sustainable Mitigati on Mechanism (SMM) with the dual aim to contribute to the mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions and foster SD. The Kyoto Protocolâ€™s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has a similar... 111. The System Dynamics Model User Sustainability Explorer (SD-MUSE): a user-friendly tool for interpreting system dynamic models Science.gov (United States) System Dynamics (SD) models are useful for holistic integration of data to evaluate indirect and cumulative effects and inform decisions. Complex SD models can provide key insights into how decisions affect the three interconnected pillars of sustainability. However, the complexi... 112. Perspectives of employability skills OpenAIRE ANNE LOUISE NEWTON 2017-01-01 The study investigated the different perspectives held by young people, employers and policy makers around Employability Skills and it examined how young people learnt these skills. This study draws young peoplesâ€™ perspectives into the research around Employability Skills and highlights the way in which social and cultural capital mediate their development. The research points to a model to re-vision employability skills which recognises the many ways in which they are learnt, over time a... 113. Validity of automated choroidal segmentation in SS-OCT and SD-OCT NARCIS (Netherlands) L. Zhang (Li); G.H.S. Buitendijk (Gabrielle); K. Lee (Kyungmoo); M. Sonka (Milan); H. Springelkamp (HenriÃ«t); A. Hofman (Albert); J.R. Vingerling (Hans); R.F. Mullins (Robert F.); C.C.W. Klaver (Caroline); M.D. AbrÃ moff (Michael) 2015-01-01 textabstractPURPOSE. To evaluate the validity of a novel fully automated three-dimensional (3D) method capable of segmenting the choroid from two different optical coherence tomography scanners: swept-source OCT (SS-OCT) and spectral-domain OCT (SD-OCT). METHODS. One hundred eight subjects were 114. The S-D mixing and dielectron widths of higher charmonium 1(--) states NARCIS (Netherlands) Badalian, A.M.; Bakker, B.L.G.; Danilkin, I.V. 2009-01-01 The dielectron widths of Ïˆ(4040), Ïˆ(4160), and Ïˆ(4415), and their ratios are shown to be in good agreement with experiment, if in all cases the S-D mixing with a large mixing angle Î¸ 34Â° is taken. Arguments are presented why continuum states give small contributions to the wave functions at the 115. Pengembangan perangkat penilaian hasil belajar dalam pembelajaran tematik integratif kelas V SD Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Teguh Prasetyo 2017-01-01 Kata Kunci:Â perangkat penilaian; pembelajaran tematik-integratif; sekolah dasar Â Developing assessment kits of learning outcomesÂ on thematic integrative learning in class V SD Abstract This study aims to: (1 produce a feasible assessment kits for thematic integrative learning in class V SD, (2 determine the practicality of assessment kits developed, and (3 determine the effectiveness of assessment kits in class V SD in subtheme Ecosystem Components. The research refers to the 4-D model of the development of Thiagarajan, Semmel, & Semmel which has been modified into three procedures of development, namely: (1 define, (2 design, and (3 develop. The trial development subject consists of SDN Godean 1, SDN Cebongan 1, and SDN Purwomartani. The results showed that the assessment kits of learning outcomes in thematic-integrative learning in class V SD in subtema Ecosystem Components fit for use, practical, and effective. In addition, the product can also measure mastery learning achievements of learners. Keywords: assessment kits, thematicintegrative learning. 116. 75 FR 70234 - City of Spearfish, SD; Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment Science.gov (United States) 2010-11-17 ... environmental effects of licensing the project, and concludes that licensing the project, with appropriate... Spearfish, SD; Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment November 8, 2010. In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's... 117. EVALUASI IMPLEMENTASI TQM PADA SDN KARANGREJEK II DAN SD MUHAMMADIYAH AL MUJAHIDIN WONOSARI GUNUNGKIDUL Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Eko Pramono 2015-10-01 Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui: (1 seberapa besar tingkat implementasi TQM, (2 perbandingan implementasi, (3 aspek-aspek yang perlu mendapatkan perbaikan untuk ditingkatkan. Penelitian evaluasi dengan model descrepancy. Instrumen pengumpul data berupa angket jawaban skala 2 terdiri atas 69 butir. Teknik analisis data menggunakan teknik persentase. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1 implementasi TQM di SD Negeri Karangrejek II rata-rata sebesar 87,73%, aspek-aspek yang mendekati standar: mutu pembelajaran, organisasi terbalik, perubahan kultur, kolega sebagai pelanggan, profesionalisme, dan pemasaran internal. Implementasi TQM di SD Muhammadiyah Al Mujahidin rata-rata sebesar 94,42%. Aspek-aspek yang mendekati standar: organisasi terbalik, mutu pembelajaran, perubahan kultur, profesionalisme, kaizen dan menjaga hubungan dengan pelanggan. (2 Perbandingan implementasi TQM sebagai berikut: aspek mutu pembelajaran, organisasi terbalik dan perubahan kultur merupakan aspek dengan rata-rata tertinggi di SD Karangrejek II, sedangkan di SD Muhammadiyah Al Mujahidin: aspek organisasi terbalik, mutu pembelajaran, dan perubahan kultur. (3 Aspek yang perlu mendapatkan perbaikan di kedua sekolah adalah perbaikan terus-menerus. 118. PENGEMBANGAN SOAL PEMECAHAN MASALAH BERBASIS ARGUMEN UNTUK SISWA KELAS V DI SD NEGERI 79 PALEMBANG Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Hartatiana Hartatiana 2014-02-01 Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan soal pemecahan masalah berbasis argumen yang valid dan praktis Â pada pokok bahasan pecahan, bangun datar dan bangun ruang untuk siswa kelas V SD serta untuk mengetahui efek potensial soal yang dikembangkan terhadap hasil belajar siswa kelas V di SD Negeri 79 Palembang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan (development research. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas VB SD Negeri 79 Palembang sebanyak 35 orang. Pengumpulan data melalui walkthrough, lembar kepraktisan dan tes. Semua data yang dikumpulkan dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil analisis data menyimpulkan bahwa penelitian ini telah menghasilkan produk soal pemecahan masalah berbasis argumen pada pokok bahasan pecahan, bangun datar dan bangun ruang untuk siswa kelas V SD yang valid dan praktis. Valid tergambar dari hasil penilaian validator, dimana semua validator menyatakan sudah baik berdasarkan konten, konstruk dan bahasa.Â Praktis tergambar dari hasil uji coba siswa kelompok kecil dimana sebagian besar siswa dapat menyelesaikan soal-soal yang diberikan, dan memiliki efek potensial yang cukup baik hal ini terlihat dengan munculnya argumenargumen siswa dalam menyelesaikan soal tes, dan rata-rata dua kali tes mencapaiÂ 65,03 dengan kategori cukup baik. Artinya soal yang dikembangkan cukup efektif untuk digunakan dalam pembelajaran matematika.Â Kata Kunci: Penelitian Pengembangan, Soal pemecahan masalah berbasis argumen. 119. Persepsi Guru dan Siswa SD di Yogyakarta terhadap Program Conservation Scout Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Wahyu Wido Sari 2014-12-01 Full Text Available Penanaman karakter cinta lingkungan dan pemahaman akan pentingnya konservasi perlu dilakukan sejak dini. Program conservation scout atau pandu konservasi menawarkan edukasi dan empowering siswa SD mengenai konservasi. Kegiatan ini bertempat di Pusat Studi Lingkungan, Universitas Sanata Dharma dan melibatkan 38 SD di Yogyakarta. Peserta conservation scout terdiri dari 32 guru dan 70 siswa SD.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat respon sekolah, persepsi guru, persepsi siswa, dan keberhasilan sekolah dalam mendukung program conservation scout. Metode yang digunakan adalah action reseach, survey, dan diskriptif kualitatif. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner dengan hasil validasi sangat baik.Sekolah memberikan respon sangat positif (84% terhadap program conservation scout, dari 38 sekolah yang diundang, ada 32 sekolah yang mengikuti program ini. Guru memberikan persepsi negatif (2,50, bukan pada esensi program melainkan pada teknik pelaksanaan program. Siswa memberikan persepsi positif (3,51 dan 36 dari 70 siswa berhasil melakukan peer tutoring dan kampanye mengenai konservasi. Ada 53, 12 % SD yang siswanya menjadi duta konservasi lingkungan. 120. Social innovation in employment NARCIS (Netherlands) Oeij, P.R.A.; Torre, W. van der; Santoclides, M.E 2017-01-01 This policy brief on Social Innovation of Employment informs on an inventory of challenges and policy recommendations based on the Case Study Report of Employment and on the Second Policy Foresight Workshop of Employment. A â€˜paradigm shiftâ€™ is needed in the mind-set of policymakers. â€˜Traditionalâ€™ « 4 5 6 7 8 » « 5 6 7 8 9 » 121. Youth employment in Egypt OpenAIRE Eekelen, Willem van; De Luca, Loretta; Ismail, Magwa 2001-01-01 Examines economic and social factors affecting youth employment in Egypt and describes three national programmes for the promotion of youth employment based on human resources development, direct job creation and support in self-employment and enterprise creation. Describes one public-private project in each case. 122. Factors Influencing the Acquisition of Employability Skills by Students of Selected Technical Secondary School in Malaysia Science.gov (United States) Dania, Jovinia; Bakar, Ab Rahim; Mohamed, Shamsiah 2014-01-01 The main purpose of the study was to assess the acquisition of employability skills by vocational students in Malaysia. A total of 214 students participated in the study. We used the SCANS instrument to assess vocational students' employability skills. The overall mean of vocational secondary students' employability skills was 3.81 (SD = 0.34).â€¦ 123. Multilevel Modulation formats for Optical Communication DEFF Research Database (Denmark) Jensen, Jesper Bevensee 2008-01-01 This thesis studies the use of multilevel modulation formats for optical communication systems. Multilevel modulation is an attractive method of increasing the spectral efficiency of optical communication systems. Various modulation formats employing phase modulation, amplitude modulation...... or a combination of the two have been studied. The use of polarization multiplexing (PolMux) to double the bit rate has also been investigated. The impact of transmission impairments such as chromatic dispersion, self phase modulation and cross phase modulation has been investigated. The feasibility of multilevel...... modulation for network oriented scenarios has been demonstrated.... 124. Detection of Be+sdO Evolved Binaries from Ultraviolet Spectroscopy Science.gov (United States) Gies, Douglas; Wang, Luqian; Peters, Geraldine
hibiscicola. In addition, the culture mediums, carbon sources and culture conditions of strain SD8 were optimized for maximum production of alkaline protease. Optimum enzyme production (236U/mL when cultured bacteria being at 0.75 mg dry weight/mL fermentation broth) was obtained when the isolate at a 3% inoculum size was grown in LB medium at 20 mL medium/100mL Erlenmeyer flask for 48h culture at 30Â°C with an initial of pH 7.5. This was the first report of strain Pseudomonas hibiscicola secreting alkaline protease, and the data for its optimal cultural conditions for alkaline protease production has laid a foundation for future exploration for the potential use of SD8 strain for alkaline protease production. PMID:26716833 299. 77 FR 27714 - Foreign-Trade Zone 220-Sioux Falls, SD; Application for Reorganization and Expansion Under... Science.gov (United States) 2012-05-11 ..., SD; Application for Reorganization and Expansion Under Alternative Site Framework An application has... the establishment or reorganization of general-purpose zones and can permit significantly greater... applicant proposes that Site 2 be so exempted. As part of the reorganization under the ASF, the applicant is... 300. Impact of mothersâ€™ employment on infant feeding and care: a qualitative study of the experiences of mothers employed through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act Science.gov (United States) Nair, Manisha; Ariana, Proochista; Webster, Premila 2014-01-01 Objective To explore the experiences of mothers employed through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) using focus group discussions (FGDs) to understand the impact of mothersâ€™ employment on infant feeding and care. The effects of mothersâ€™ employment on nutritional status of children could be variable. It could lead to increased household income, but could also compromise child care and feeding. Setting The study was undertaken in the Dungarpur district of Rajasthan, India. Participants Mothers of infants mothers. Thematic analysis was conducted to assess patterns and generate emergent themes. Results Four major themes were identifiedâ€”â€˜mothers' employment compromises infant feeding and careâ€™, â€˜caregiversâ€™ inability to substitute mothersâ€™ careâ€™, â€˜compromises related to childcare and feeding outweigh benefits from MGNREGAâ€™ and â€˜employment as disempoweringâ€™. Mothers felt that the comprises to infant care and feeding due to long hours of work, lack of alternative adequate care arrangements, low wages and delayed payments outweighed the benefits from the scheme. Conclusions This study provides an account of the trade-off between mothersâ€™ employment and child care. It provides an understanding of the household power relationships, societal and cultural factors that modulate the effects of mothersâ€™ employment. From the perspective of mothers, it helps to understand the benefits and problems related to providing employment to women with infants in the MGNREGA scheme and make a case to pursue policy changes to improve their working conditions. PMID:24694624 « 13 14 15 16 17 » « 14 15 16 17 18 » 301. Impact of mothers' employment on infant feeding and care: a qualitative study of the experiences of mothers employed through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Science.gov (United States) Nair, Manisha; Ariana, Proochista; Webster, Premila 2014-04-02 To explore the experiences of mothers employed through the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) using focus group discussions (FGDs) to understand the impact of mothers' employment on infant feeding and care. The effects of mothers' employment on nutritional status of children could be variable. It could lead to increased household income, but could also compromise child care and feeding. The study was undertaken in the Dungarpur district of Rajasthan, India. Mothers of infants mothers. Thematic analysis was conducted to assess patterns and generate emergent themes. Four major themes were identified-'mothers' employment compromises infant feeding and care', 'caregivers' inability to substitute mothers' care', 'compromises related to childcare and feeding outweigh benefits from MGNREGA' and 'employment as disempowering'. Mothers felt that the comprises to infant care and feeding due to long hours of work, lack of alternative adequate care arrangements, low wages and delayed payments outweighed the benefits from the scheme. This study provides an account of the trade-off between mothers' employment and child care. It provides an understanding of the household power relationships, societal and cultural factors that modulate the effects of mothers' employment. From the perspective of mothers, it helps to understand the benefits and problems related to providing employment to women with infants in the MGNREGA scheme and make a case to pursue policy changes to improve their working conditions. 302. Employment Impact of Electronic Business. Science.gov (United States) Hecker, Daniel E. 2001-01-01 Electronic business is stimulating employment in some sectors across industries, such as computer-related and customer service occupations, and diminishing employment in others, such as administrative support and marketing/sales. Similarly, employment impacts will vary by industry. (Contains 56 notes and references.) (SK) 303. Employment status, employment functioning, and barriers to employment among VA primary care patients. Science.gov (United States) Zivin, Kara; Yosef, Matheos; Levine, Debra S; Abraham, Kristen M; Miller, Erin M; Henry, Jennifer; Nelson, C Beau; Pfeiffer, Paul N; Sripada, Rebecca K; Harrod, Molly; Valenstein, Marcia 2016-03-15 Prior research found lower employment rates among working-aged patients who use the VA than among non-Veterans or Veterans who do not use the VA, with the lowest reported employment rates among VA patients with mental disorders. This study assessed employment status, employment functioning, and barriers to employment among VA patients treated in primary care settings, and examined how depression and anxiety were associated with these outcomes. The sample included 287 VA patients treated in primary care in a large Midwestern VA Medical Center. Bivariate and multivariable analyses were conducted examining associations between socio-demographic and clinical predictors of six employment domains, including: employment status, job search self-efficacy, work performance, concerns about job loss among employed Veterans, and employment barriers and likelihood of job seeking among not employed Veterans. 54% of respondents were employed, 36% were not employed, and 10% were economically inactive. In adjusted analyses, participants with depression or anxiety (43%) were less likely to be employed, had lower job search self-efficacy, had lower levels of work performance, and reported more employment barriers. Depression and anxiety were not associated with perceived likelihood of job loss among employed or likelihood of job seeking among not employed. Single VA primary care clinic; cross-sectional study. Employment rates are low among working-aged VA primary care patients, particularly those with mental health conditions. Offering primary care interventions to patients that address mental health issues, job search self-efficacy, and work performance may be important in improving health, work, and economic outcomes. Published by Elsevier B.V. 304. Phylogenomics and sequence-structure-function relationships in the GmrSD family of Type IV restriction enzymes. Science.gov (United States) Machnicka, Magdalena A; Kaminska, Katarzyna H; Dunin-Horkawicz, Stanislaw; Bujnicki, Janusz M 2015-10-23 GmrSD is a modification-dependent restriction endonuclease that specifically targets and cleaves glucosylated hydroxymethylcytosine (glc-HMC) modified DNA. It is encoded either as two separate single-domain GmrS and GmrD proteins or as a single protein carrying both domains. Previous studies suggested that GmrS acts as endonuclease and NTPase whereas GmrD binds DNA. In this work we applied homology detection, sequence conservation analysis, fold recognition and homology modeling methods to study sequencestructure-function relationships in the GmrSD restriction endonucleases family. We also analyzed the phylogeny and genomic context of the family members. Results of our comparative genomics study show that GmrS exhibits similarity to proteins from the ParB/Srx fold which can have both NTPase and nuclease activity. In contrast to the previous studies though, we attribute the nuclease activity also to GmrD as we found it to contain the HNH endonuclease motif. We revealed residues potentially important for structure and function in both domains. Moreover, we found that GmrSD systems exist predominantly as a fused, double-domain form rather than as a heterodimer and that their homologs are often encoded in regions enriched in defense and gene mobility-related elements. Finally, phylogenetic reconstructions of GmrS and GmrD domains revealed that they coevolved and only few GmrSD systems appear to be assembled from distantly related GmrS and GmrD components. Our study provides insight into sequence-structure-function relationships in the yet poorly characterized family of Type IV restriction enzymes. Comparative genomics allowed to propose possible role of GmrD domain in the function of the GmrSD enzyme and possible active sites of both GmrS and GmrD domains. Presented results can guide further experimental characterization of these enzymes. 305. Use of General Surgery and Urology Online Modules in Medical Education Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Chang 2016-03-01 Full Text Available Background Web-based learning is increasingly used as an adjunct to, and a replacement for, traditional learning methods. We investigated the impact of webbased learning modules in improving the delivery of undergraduate medical education in general surgery and urology. Objectives To determine if online learning modules improve student performance in general surgery and urology. To determine if previous use of online learning modules promote future utilization of such modules among students. Materials and Methods Four general surgical and urologic web-based learning modules were delivered as an adjunct to traditional teaching via an online learning management system to fourth year medical students in 2009 and 2010. Each module contained 40 identical pre-module and post-module questions which allow analysis of change in student performance after delivery of these modules. The student t-test and Fisherâ€™s exact test were used for statistical analysis. Results In urology, the mean pre-module score was 22.4 (SD 4.3 and the mean post-module score was 33.0 (SD 2.1 (P < 0.001. Students who completed all the pre-module and post-module questions had a mean increase of 12.8 score points (SD 3.9. In general surgery, significantly more students completed all of the pre-module (42.7% vs. 27.5% and post-module (23.2% vs. 7.3% questions for the general surgical modules in 2010 compared to the urology modules in 2009 (P â‰¤ 0.001. Conclusions The introduction of web-based general surgery and urologic learning modules as an adjunct to traditional teaching improved student knowledge, and their usage improved over time. 306. Concept of self-employment OpenAIRE StartienÄ—, GraÅ¾ina; RemeikienÄ—, Rita; DumÄiuvienÄ—, Daiva 2010-01-01 The article deals with the theories that explain the growth of self-employment and help to determine the presumptions of the self-employment growth. Self-employment theories are classified to several groups, i.e. the economic and sociological-psychological as well as the â€œpushâ€ and â€œpullâ€ theories. Economic theories of self-employment interpret financial motives of the person to pursue own business, while sociologicalpsychological theories of self-employment determine non-financial objectives... 307. Growth, Employment and Structural Change DEFF Research Database (Denmark) Aggarwal, Aradhna 2016-01-01 This paper studies the decomposition of GSDP growth per capita in Punjab via-a-vis 15 other states in India during 1993â€“94 and 2011â€“12 in terms of employment and productivity growth. Specifically, it focuses on the role of employment growth and structural change in employment on economic growth...... but structural shifts have paid off well in terms of diversification of the economy and their contribution to labour productivity especially for manufacturing. Overall employment effect had been negative but this was essentially due to contraction in the labour force; the employment rate effect turned out... 308. Recognizing Job Safety Hazards. Module SH-09. Safety and Health. Science.gov (United States) Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX. This student module on recognizing job safety hazards is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module details employee and employer responsibilities in correcting and monitoring safety hazards. Following the introduction, 10 objectives (each keyed to a page in the text) the student is expected to accomplish are listed (e.g.,â€¦ 309. Combined Coding And Modulation Using Runlength Limited Error ... African Journals Online (AJOL) In this paper we propose a Combined Coding and Modulation (CCM) scheme employing RLL/ECCs and MPSK modulation as well as RLL/ECC codes and BFSK/MPSK modulation with a view to optimise on channel bandwidth. The CCM codes and their trellis are designed and their error performances simulated in AWGNÂ ... 310. The Employer Perspective on Sustainable Employability in the Construction Industry. Science.gov (United States) Tonnon, Susanne C; van der Veen, Rozan; Westerman, Marjan J; Robroek, Suzan J W; van der Ploeg, Hidde P; van der Beek, Allard J; Proper, Karin I 2017-01-01 To determine the measures employers in the construction industry take to promote sustainable employability, the barriers and facilitators that influence implementation and employer needs. Questionnaire among 499 employers and interviews with 17 employers. Employers expressed a need for alternative jobs for workers who can no longer perform physically demanding tasks, as well as means to stimulate proactive employee behavior. Measures frequently targeted the work environment (95%) and employee health (79%), less frequently personal development (63%) and organization (65%). Implementation was influenced by economic factors, rules and regulations, client demands, employee demands, company vision, company culture, and time/manpower/expertise. Implementation of measures aimed at reducing physical load and the promotion of personal development are needed. 311. Hospitality employersâ€™ perceptions of technology for sustainable development: The implications for graduate employability OpenAIRE Ali, Alisha; Murphy, Hilary; Nadkarni, Sanjay 2016-01-01 This paper investigates hospitality employersâ€™ perspectives of two key inter-disciplinary subjects, i.e. sustainable development (SD) and information technology in the context of hospitality education, particularly graduate employability. A qualitative approach is deployed at this stage of the research with semi-structured interviews conducted with employers of hospitality graduates that represent diverse stakeholders in the industry. Respondents had varying interpretations of the meaning of ... 312. Chemical analyses of pore water from boreholes USW SD-6 and USW WT-24, Yucca Mountain, Nevada Science.gov (United States) Yang, I.C.; Peterman, Z.E.; Scofield, K.M. 2003-01-01 Analyses of pore water extracted from cores of boreholes USW SD-6 in the central part and USW WT-24 in the northern part of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, show significant vertical and lateral variations in dissolved-ion concentrations. Analyses of samples of only a few milliliters of pore water extracted by uniaxial or triaxial compression and by ultracentrifugation methods from adjacent core samples are generally in agreement, within the analytical error of 10% to 15%. However, the values of silica for water obtained by ultracentrifugation are consistently lower than values for water obtained by compression. The larger concentrations probably are due to localized pressure solution of silicate minerals during compression. The shallower water from core in borehole USW SD-6 was extracted from nonwelded units collectively referred to as the Paintbrush Tuff nonwelded (PTn). The deeper water was from core in both boreholes USW SD-6 and USW WT-24 in the nonwelded units referred to as the Calico Hills nonwelded (CHn). Significant differences in mean dissolved-ion concentrations in pore water between the PTn and CHn are (1) decreases in Ca, Mg, SO4, and NO3 and (2) increases in HCO3 and (Na+K)/(Ca+Mg) ratios. The decrease in NO3 and the increase in HCO3 could be the result of denitrification through the oxidation of organic matter. The decrease in Ca and associated increase in (Na+K)/(Ca+Mg) is the result of ion exchange with zeolites in the CHn in borehole USW WT-24. This effect is not nearly as pronounced in borehole USW SD-6, probably reflecting a smaller amount of zeolitization of the CHn in USW SD-6. Geochemical calculations using the PHREEQC code indicate that the pore water from both boreholes USW SD-6 and USW WT-24 is uniformly undersaturated in anhydrite, gypsum, and amorphous silica, but supersaturated in quartz and chalcedony. The saturation of calcite, aragonite, sepiolite, and dolomite is more variable from sample to sample. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights 313. Optimal space communication techniques. [a discussion of delta modulation, pulse code modulation, and phase locked systems Science.gov (United States) Schilling, D. L. 1975-01-01 Encoding of video signals using adaptive delta modulation (DM) was investigated, along with the error correction of DM encoded signals corrupted by thermal noise. Conversion from pulse code modulation to delta modulation was studied; an expression for the signal to noise ratio of the DM signal derived was achieved by employing linear, 2-sample, interpolation between sample points. A phase locked loop using a nonlinear processor in lieu of a loop filter is discussed. 314. In silico analysis of protein toxin and bacteriocins from Lactobacillus paracasei SD1 genome and available online databases. Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Komwit Surachat Full Text Available Lactobacillus paracasei SD1 is a potential probiotic strain due to its ability to survive several conditions in human dental cavities. To ascertain its safety for human use, we therefore performed a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis and characterization of the bacterial protein toxins produced by this strain. We report the complete genome of Lactobacillus paracasei SD1 and its comparison to other Lactobacillus genomes. Additionally, we identify and analyze its protein toxins and antimicrobial proteins using reliable online database resources and establish its phylogenetic relationship with other bacterial genomes. Our investigation suggests that this strain is safe for human use and contains several bacteriocins that confer health benefits to the host. An in silico analysis of protein-protein interactions between the target bacteriocins and the microbial proteins gtfB and luxS of Streptococcus mutans was performed and is discussed here. 315. Employment strategy of the Russians Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Vladimir Borisovich Toreev 2015-05-01 Full Text Available During the crisis it is especially important to choose a correct employment strategy. Every employee uses an employment strategy, as he/she selects the direction of long-term employment consciously or intuitively. The choice of strategy is determined by a number of factors shaping the personâ€™s attitudes: health, character, upbringing, education, social environment, institutional environment. The employment strategies of the young people newly entering the labor market differ from lab our strategies of workers. Young people do not have such experience and can plan their life â€œfrom scratchâ€. The Soviet specialists, people who started their career in the planned economy, have their own features of employment strategies. The article describes employment strategies of the Russians 316. Epilepsy and employment: literature review. Science.gov (United States) Smeets, Vivian M J; van Lierop, Brigitte A G; Vanhoutvin, Jos P G; Aldenkamp, Albert P; Nijhuis, Frans J N 2007-05-01 The aim of this review is to increase understanding of the factors that affect the regular employment positions of people with epilepsy by means of the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) model. Thirty-four primary research articles describing factors associated with employment for people with epilepsy are reviewed. People with epilepsy may face a number of complex and interacting problems in finding and maintaining employment. Stigma, seizure severity, and psychosocial variables such as low self-esteem, passive coping style, and low self-efficacy have been implicated as factors that play an important role in predicting employment. Findings demonstrate the need for specific employment training programs. We recommend specific training interventions that focus on increasing the self-efficacy and coping skills of people with epilepsy so that these individuals will be able to accept their disorder and make personal and health-related choices that help them to achieve better employment positions in society. 317. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penguasaan Aspek Bilangan pada Guru SD Negeri di Kecamatan Pangkajene Kabupaten Pangkep Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Samsiah Samsiah 2016-02-01 Full Text Available Penelitian ini tergolong penelitian survai yang bersifat deskriptif-korelatif dan eksploratif dengan populasi seluruh guru SD Negeri di Kecamatan Pangkajene Kabupaten Pangkep. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan sampel pertimbangan. Data diperoleh dengan menggunakan instrumen berupa angket dan tes tentang aspek bilangan. Data tersebut diolah dengan menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan inferensial. Hasil analisis deskriptif menunjukkan bahwa penguasaan aspek bilangan pada guru SD Negeri berada pada kategori rendah. Hasil analisis inferensial menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pendidikan, tingkat umur dan jenis kelamin secara bersama-sama mempengaruhi penguasaan aspek bilangan pada guru SD Negeri di Kecamatan Pangkajene Kabupaten Pangkep. Hasil penelitian eksploratif menunjukkan bahwa faktor lain yang mempengaruhi penguasaan aspek bilangan antara lain adalah pendidikan dan pelatihan, latar belakang pendidikan, pergeseran tingkatan mengajar, peran serta guru pemandu matematika, motivasi serta pemberian insentif bagi guru yang berprestasi.Kata kunci: Tingkat pendidikan, umur, jenis kelamin, bilangan.Â ABSTRACTThis research belongs to survey research that is descriptive-correlative and explorative with population of all teachers of SD Negeri in Pangkajene, Pangkep. Sampling was done with a sample of considerations. Data obtained by using the instrument in the form of questionnaire and test about numerical aspect. The data were processed using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The result of descriptive analysis shows that the mastery of numerical aspect in teacher of elementary school is in low category. The results of inferential analysis indicate that the level of education, age and sex level simultaneously affect the mastery of numerical aspect in elementary school teachers in Pangkajene, Pangkep. The results of the explorative research indicate that other factors affecting the mastery of the numerical aspect are education and 318. Dyslipidemia in subclinical hypothyroidism requires assessment of small dense low density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Saric Maida Seferovic
18 19 20 21 22 » 381. Employer attractiveness from a generational perspective: Implications for employer branding Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden) Germano Glufke Reis 2016-03-01 Full Text Available ABSTRACT This study aimed to identify the employer attractiveness factors prioritized by different generations: Baby Boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y. The survey was conducted with a sample of 937 professionals, working in various areas and companies, most of them were managers and had a high education level. The Employer Attractiveness Scale proposed